Finalizing fabric for a specific product is a very important part, which plays important role in the
the success of a design
When shortlisting fabrics for clothing production, there are several factors to consider. Here are some general steps to help you choose the right fabrics for your needs:
Determine the purpose: Consider the purpose of the clothing you are making. Is it for casual wear or formal occasions? Will it be worn in hot or cold weather? This will help you determine the type of fabric you need.
Consider the fiber content: Choose fabrics that are made from natural fibers such as cotton, linen, wool, and silk, or high-quality synthetic fibers like polyester or nylon. Natural fibers tend to be more breathable and comfortable to wear, while synthetic fibers tend to be more durable and easy to care for. Look at the label: Check the label on the fabric for information on the fiber content and care instructions. High-quality fabrics are typically made from natural fibers
Check the weight: The weight of the fabric will determine its suitability for different types of clothing. For example, lightweight fabrics like cotton lawn or chiffon are ideal for summer dresses, while heavier fabrics like denim or wool are better for jackets or pants.
The weight of the fabric can be checked using a fabric weight scale or a fabric weight calculator. Here are the steps to use each of these methods:
Fabric weight scale:
First, cut a piece of fabric that is at least 10 cm x 10 cm in size.
Place the fabric on the scale and make sure it is centred.
Note the weight displayed on the scale. This is the weight of the fabric per square meter (or per square yard, depending on the scale).
Fabric weight calculator:
Measure the length and width of the fabric in meters (or yards, if you prefer).
Multiply the length by the width to get the area of the fabric in square meters (or square yards).
Weigh the fabric using a regular scale and note the weight in grams (or ounces).
Divide the weight by the area to get the weight of the fabric per square meter (or square yard).
Note that the weight of the fabric can vary depending on the type of fiber, the weave, and the finish of the fabric. Therefore, it is important to test a sample of the fabric rather than relying on the weight of a similar fabric. Also, the fabric weight is usually expressed in grams per square meter (gsm) or ounces per square yard (oz/yd²).
Look at the drape: The drape of the fabric refers to how it hangs when it is made into clothing. Choose fabrics with a good drape that will flow nicely when worn.
The drape of a fabric refers to how it hangs or falls when draped over a surface. Here are some methods to check the drape of fabric:
Simple drape test:
Take a sample of the fabric that is at least 30 cm x 30 cm in size.
Hold the fabric at one corner and let it drape over your arm, allowing it to fold and hang naturally.
Observe how the fabric falls and note whether it has a soft or stiff drape, whether it flows or holds its shape, and whether it creates any folds or wrinkles.
Hanging drape test:
Hang the fabric vertically using clips or pins, allowing it to hang freely.
Observe how the fabric falls and note its overall drape, how it moves with airflow, and how it behaves when disturbed.
Take a sample of the fabric and manipulate it by twisting, scrunching, or pleating it.
Observe how the fabric holds its shape and how it recovers after manipulation.
Note that the drape of a fabric can be affected by its weight, thickness, fiber content, weave, finish, and other factors. It is important to test a sample of the fabric rather than relying on the drape of a similar fabric. Also, the drape of the fabric is subjective and can vary depending on personal preferences and the intended use of the fabric.
Consider the colour and print: Choose colours and prints that are appropriate for the clothing you are making. Bright colours and bold prints are great for casual wear, while muted colours and subtle prints are better for formal wear.
Check for quality: Choose fabrics that are of high quality and will stand up to wear and washing. Look for fabrics that are well-made with a consistent weave and no flaws.
Here are some general steps to help you check the quality of fabrics:
Examine the texture: Run your hands over the fabric to check its texture. High-quality fabrics should feel soft, smooth, and comfortable to the touch. Avoid any fabric that feels rough, scratchy, or thin.
Check for colourfastness: Rub a small part of the fabric with a white cloth that has been dampened with water or rubbing alcohol to check for colourfastness. If the colour transfers onto the cloth, the fabric may not be of good quality.
Look for flaws: Check the fabric for flaws such as holes, stains, or snags. High-quality fabrics should not have any of these flaws.
Test the strength: Gently pull the fabric in both directions to test its strength. High-quality fabrics should be strong and not easily tear or stretch out of shape.
Check the finish: Look at the finish of the fabric to see if it is smooth and even. High-quality fabrics will have a consistent finish with no rough or uneven spots.